The Medicare Levy is a tax payable by Australian residents to cover health care charges. It is payable on taxable income, in addition to income tax. Individuals and families on higher incomes who do not have an appropriate level of private hospital cover may have to pay the Medicare levy surcharge.
A Medicare Levy Calculator is available on the Australian Taxation Office (ATO) web site to help you work out your obligation.
MORE: See the Medicare and private health insurance section of the ATO web site.